3 HISTORY OF THE SEVENTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT O.V.V.I.
SECOND BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION, SEVENTEENTH ARMY CORPS.
WHAT THEY HAVE DONE, AND WHERE THEY CAME FROM – HISTORY OF THE SECOND BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION, SEVENTEENTH ARMY CORPS.
This brigade was organized at Bolivar, Tennessee, in the month of November, 1862, under the command of Colonel (now Major-General) M. D. Leggett, of the Seventy-Eighth Ohio, who commanded it during the entire campaign through Northern Mississippi to Water Valley and back to Memphis, and thence down the Mississippi River to Lake Providence, thence to Milliken's Bend, and in that memorable campaign in the rear of Vicksburg, participating in all the battles fought in that campaign. Colonel Leggett having been promoted to a Brigadier-General, still retaining command of the brigade until in June, 1863, he was assigned to the command of the first brigade, when the command devolved on Colonel (now Brevet Major-General) M. F. Force, of the Twentieth Ohio, who commanded until November, 1863, when he was assigned to the command of the first brigade, third division of the Seventeenth Army Corps. The command then devolved on Colonel (now Brigadier-General) R. K. Scott, of the Sixty-Eighth Ohio, who commanded it until the 22d of July, in front of Atlanta, where he was taken prisoner, when the command devolved on Colonel (now Brevet Brigadier-General) G. F. Wiles, of the Seventy-Eighth Ohio, who commanded until Colonel Scott was exchanged, on the 28th day of September, 1864, when he resumed command of the brigade and commanded it until the 28th day of December, 1864, while at Savannah, Ga., when he was granted a leave of absence to go North to recuperate his health and visit his family in Ohio. While at home he was appointed a Brigadier-General, on the 12th day of January, 1865. He rejoined the brigade at Goldsboro, North Carolina, on the 25th day of March, 1865, and resumed command of the brigade, since which time he has commanded it. During his absence in January and February, 1865, Colonel G. F. Wiles, of the Seventy-Eighth Ohio, commanded the brigade. The brigade has been in all the principal battles and marches in which the Army of the Tennessee has taken part, from Fort Donelson up to the surrender of Johnston in North Carolina. The following is a list of the battles inscribed on its banner:
Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Bolivar, Iuka, Corinth, Matamora, Thompson's Hill, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Fort Hill, Vicksburg, Fort Beauregard, Bocachita, Meridian Raid, Big Shanty, Bushy Mountain, Kenesaw, Nickajack, Siege of Atlanta, Atlanta, July 21st, Atlanta, July 22d, Atlanta, July 28th, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, Milledgeville, Savannah, Pocotaligo, Orangeburg, Charleston, Columbia, Bentonville – 34 in all.
Brigadier-General R. K. Scott and staff; 1st Lieut. Henry Welty, of 68th Ohio, A. A. A. G.; 1st Lieut. Jasper H. Smith, of 68th Ohio, A. A. D. C.; 1st Lieut. Rus. Bethel, of 78th Ohio, A. A. D. C.; 1st Lieut. Henry E. Bigelow, of 78th Ohio, A. A. Q. M.; Capt. Rollin H. Crane, of 17th Wisconsin, Pro. Mar. and Brig. Insp.; 1st Lieut. George Thorna, of 20th Ohio, in charge of brigade ambulances; Capt. Ed. E. Nutt, of 20th Ohio, Picket Officer.
TWENTIETH OHIO VETERAN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.
The Twentieth Ohio Veteran Volunteers was organized at Camp Chase, Ohio, in the months of September and October, 1861, and first commanded by Col. Chas. Whittlesey, of Cleveland, Ohio. It was engaged during the winter of 1861 and 1862 in quelling an insurrectionary district in Kentucky. In February it moved up the Cumberland river, was in the battle of Fort Donelson, and thereafter became
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